Sources on Problematics of Land Conflict in the Black Earth Village: 1917–20


Scientific article

УДК 94(470) «1917/1920»+930.253+332.21+47(470.32)

DOI 10.28995/2073-0101-2021-4-1039-1050

Gatilov, Eduard V.

Lipetsk State Technical University, Lipetsk, Russian Federation

Nikolashin, Vadim P.

G. R. Derzhavin Tambov State University, Tambov, Russian Federation

Sources on Problematics of Land Conflict in the Black Earth Village: 1917–20


The article analyses historical sources on land conflict in the Black Earth village of the early Soviet period. Since the dynamics of land conflicts, their diversity, and ratios characterize the dominants of behavioral pattern acceptable in the agricultural environment, land conflict is considered an indicator of peasant identity; its study actualizes the need to identify sources that most fully reveal the features of social behavior through the analysis of causality, content, and consequences of land conflict. The research methodology has determined a comprehensive analysis of sources, including materials of the All-Russian Agricultural Census of 1917 (settlement and communal forms); documents of volost, uezd, and gubernia land and conflict commissions that were to eliminate contradictions between peasant societies in the process of land redistribution; statistical materials on land conflicts in the RSFSR in the early 1920s. Integrated approach to sources has resulted in microhistorical analysis of specific land conflicts within individual volosts and uezds of the Black Earth gubernias and in formation of concept and classification of land conflicts. The problem of narrowness of the source base, containing quantitative data on land conflicts, has determined the use of alternative sources and methodological ways to overcome it. Thus, retro-expert method of studying sources has permitted to identify and analyze production (land shortage, configuration, location of a land plot, labor costs) and non-production (justice, administrative resource) markers of land conflicts. The sources analysis suggests that functional significance of the peasant identity in the Black Earth region in 1917–20 consisted in the fact that, having retained in its algorithm for survival while minimizing needs, the Black Earth peasantry was able to survive as an independent social stratum physically, economically, and spiritually. This, in turn, determined the subsequent contradictions in the agrarian and political development of the country.


Archival documents, sources, All-Russian Agricultural Census of 1917, Black Earth village, peasantry, land conflicts, peasant identity.

Download the article: gatilov_nikolashin_doi


ALEKSANDROV, N. M. Skol'ko krest'yaninu nado zemli? (k voprosu o norme krest'yanskogo nadela v poreformennoi Rossii) [How much land does a peasant need? (To the question of norm of peasant allotment in post-reform Russia) In Russ.]. IN: Rossiiskaya istoriya, 2012, no. 5, p. 107.

AFANAS’EV, P. A. Starozhily, pereselentsy i Kabinet ego imperatorskogo velichestva: treugol'nik protivorechii na Altae v 1910-ye gg. [Old-timers, immigrants and the Cabinet of His Imperial Majesty: A triangle of contradictions in Altai in the 1910s. In Russ.]. IN: Istoricheskii kur'er, 2019, no. 6 (8), рр. 106-120.

LYUBIMOVA G.V. Resursnye konflikty skvoz' prizmu antropologicheskikh teorii: “resursnoye proklyatie” i “tragediya obshchinnykh resursov” [Resource conflicts through the prism of anthropological theories: The “resource curse” and the “tragedy of community resources.” In Russ.] IN: Problemy arkheologii, etnografii, antropologii Sibiri i sopredel'nykh territorii, vol. 26, 2020, рр. 764–769.

RAZIN'KOV, M. Ye., MOROZOVA, O. M. Regulirovanie zemel'nykh konfliktov v 1917 - pervoi polovine 1918 gg.: na primere Tsentral'nogo Chernozem'ya i Donskoi oblasti [Regulation of land conflicts in 1917 - the first half of 1918: A case-study of the Central Black Earth and Don region. In Russ.]. IN: Obshchestvo i vlast': veka minuvshie i den' segodnyashnii. Materialy XIV regional'noi nauchnoi konferentsii [Society and Power: Past Centuries and Today. Materials of the 14th regional scientific conference. In Russ.]. Voronezh, 2020, рр. 141–147.

TERNOVSKII, V. A. Zemel'naya reforma na Kubani (1917-1919): konflikt interesov organov vlasti i chastnykh sobstvennikov [Land reform in the Kuban (1917–19): A conflict of interests between the authorities and private owners. In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Istoriya [Bulletin of the Tver State University. Series: History], 2018, no.1, pp. 35–51.

SHАRAPOV, G. V. Razreshenie agrarnogo voprosa v Rossii posle pobedy Oktyabr'skoi revolyutsii (1917-1920 gg.) [Resolution of the agrarian question in Russia after the victory of the October Revolution (1917–20). In Russ.]. Moscow, Izd-vo VPSh i AON publ., 1961, 312 р.

CHERNOBAEV, A. A. Razvitie sotsialisticheskoi revolyutsii v derevne (okt. 1917-1918 g) [The development of the socialist revolution in the village (October 1917–18). In Russ.]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola publ., 1975, 183 p.

About the authors

Gatilov Eduard Vyachesavovich, PhD in History, associate professor, Lipetsk State Technical University, department of history, theory of state and law, assistant professor, Lipetsk, Russian Federation, +7-904-691-07-62, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Nikolashin Vadim Pavlovich, PhD in History, G. R. Derzhavin Tambov State University, Technopark “Derzhavinsky,” deputy director for innovative work, Tambov, Russian Federation, +7-900-496-73-61, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Grant information

The article has been prepared within the frameworks of implementation of the Derzhavin grant from the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “G. R. Derzhavin Tambov State University” for young scientists (humanities and social sciences) in 2021.

Submitted 27.07.2021, published (for citation):

GATILOV, E. V., NIKOLASHIN, V. P. Istochniki po problematike pozemel'nykh konfliktov v chernozemnoi derevne. 1917-1920-e gg. [Sources on Problematics of Land Conflict in the Black Earth Village: 1917–20. In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik arhivista / Herald of an Archivist, 2021, no. 4, pp. 1039-1050. doi 10.28995/2073-0101-2021-4-1039-1050

You can read completely article in the russian historic-archival magazine “The Herald of an Archivist”. Read more about terms of subscription here.

Полностью материал публикуется в российском историко-архивоведческом журнале ВЕСТНИК АРХИВИСТА. Ознакомьтесь с условиями подписки здесь.