Sources on the History of Scientific School of Professor A. A. Chernov

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УДК 930.253:001.32:55(470.13)

DOI 10.28995/2073-0101-2019-4-1195-1204

Anastasia G. Osedakh

Komi Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Syktyvkar, Russian Federation

Sources on the History of Scientific School of Professor A. A. Chernov


The article presents an overview of archival documents on the Soviet geologist, paleontologist, and researcher of the European Northeast of Russia A. A. Chernov (1877–1963) and his activities as leader of the scientific school. It attempts to identify sources and assess their information value for studying history of his scientific school. The formation of Chernov’s scientific school coincided with the beginning of intensive scientific development of the European Northeast of Russia and institutionalization of science. Its foundations were laid while A. A. Chernov lectured at the Higher Women's Courses in Moscow in the 1910s. His school of researchers crystallized when he worked in the Komi branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1944–1963). The author has identified and analyzed documents from the fonds of the Russian State Archive of Economy, the National Archive of the Komi Republic, and the Scientific Archive of the Komi Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The personal provenance fond of A. A. Chernov’s and those of his students have been studied. The author offers the following grouping of documents: research documents; documents on the teaching activities of A. A. Chernov; record keeping documents; epistolary complex, including personal and business correspondence of the scientist. These documents contain information on research and teaching and social activities of A. A. Chernov, as well as his creative contacts. Sources reveal aspects of formation and development of the scientific school. It is possible to determine the personal composition of the school (V. A. Varsanofieva, T. A. Dobrolyubova, A. I. Eliseev, A. I. Pershina, D. M. Rauzer-Chernousova, M. V. Fishman, V. I. Chalyshev, M. I. Shulga-Nesterenko and others), its research topics, achievements, and contribution to the national science. Activities of Chernov and his students resulted in exploration of coal, oil, gas, and other mineral deposits, as well as in creation of the Komi Institute of Geology, a branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, which has been successfully operating since 1958. The revealed archival documents en bloc allow to present an overall picture of the source base of the research.


Sources, personal provenance fond, A. A. Chernov, scientific school, geological study, archive, Komi Scientific Center, the North of European Russia.

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Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Chernov [Alexander Alexandrovich Chernov. In Russ.]. St. Petersburg, Nauka publ., 1995, 255 p.

BARSKAYA, V. F. Rol' A. A. Chernova, V. A. Varsanof'evoi i ikh shkoly v izuchenii Pechorskogo kraya [Role of A.A. Chernov, V.A. Varsanofyeva, and their school in studying of the Pechora region. In Russ.]. IN: Byulleten' MOIP. Otdel Geologicheskii, 1980, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 114–122.

BROVINA, A. A. Akademiya nauk SSSR i industrial'naya modernizatsiya strany: istoricheskii opyt osvoeniya priarkticheskikh territorii Rossii (1920-1930-e gg.) [The Academy of Sciences of the USSR and the industrial modernization of the country: Historical experience in the development of the Arctic territories of Russia (1920s-1930s). In Russ.]. IN: Genesis: istoricheskie issledovaniya, 2018, no. 7. pp. 57–65. DOI: 10.25136/2409-868X.2018.7.26605

ELISEEV, A. I. Professor Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Chernov [Professor Alexander Alexandrovich Chernov. In Russ.]. Syktyvkar, 2002, 60 p.

KUZ'KOKOVA, N. N. Stareishii issledovatel' Severa [The oldest researcher of the North. In Russ.]. IN: Byulleten' MOIP. Otdel Geologicheskii, 1953, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 69–75.

MIRSKAYA, E. Z. Nauchnye shkoly: istoriya, problemy i perspektivy [Scientific schools: History, problems, and prospects. In Russ.]. IN: Naukovedenie i novye tendentsii v razvitii rossiiskoi nauki [Science studies and new trends in the development of Russian science. In Russ.]. Moscow, Logos publ., 2005, pp. 244–265.

Shkoly v nauke [Schools of science. In Russ.]. Moscow, Nauka publ., 1977, 523 p.

About author

Osedakh Anastasiia Grigorievna, Komi Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, department of humanitarian interdisciplinary research, junior researcher, post-graduate student, Russian Federation, +7-912-117-52-60, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Submitted 29.01.2019, published (for citation):

OSEDAKH, A. G. Istochniki po istorii nauchnoi shkoly professora A. A. Chernova [Sources on the History of Scientific School of Professor A. A. Chernov. In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik arhivista / Herald of an Archivist, 2019, no. 4, pp. 1195-1204. doi 10.28995/2073-0101-2019-4-1195-1204

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